A group of Pakistani researchers have attained a great milestone in revealing more about the journey of Stegodon. In the province of Punjab, the researchers have found a 1.1 million-year-old Stegodon Tusk.
University of Punjab Get’s the Credit for this Research
The researchers belonged to the zoology department of University of Punjab. The tusk was found during the excavations in the Padri village, Jhelum District. The research team head, Professor Muhammad Akhtar, has regarded this discovery as one of the greatest achievements of the team.
This is not the first time that the students of University of Punjab have reached a milestone in the field of research. Three years back, a student of university came into lime light for discovering Anancus tusk.
However, due to the unavailability of the funds, the team of researchers was not able to dig out the Stegodons tusk by 16th of February 2016.
Threat to the Discovery
The team indicated that attempts have been made to steal the tusk. This claim was made after the identification of various signs of illegal digging around the area of discovery, when the tusk remained partly exposed due to the unavailability of funds. The vandals succeeded in stealing four inches of the top part of the left tusk. According to one of the team members, no major damage was done to the tusk as a result of this stealing.
More about Stegodons and the Discovered Tusk
Stegodons are distantly related to the modern day elephants. These mammals occupied the earth 11 million years ago, and remained there will the last Ice Age – 11,700 years ago. Stegodons are famous for their large and straight tusks, and crowned teeth with peaked ridges. This indicated that they survived on mixed feeds. Mammoths and elephants, on the other hand, had plated morals that represented their grazing habbits.
The discovered tusk has a length and diameter of 2.44 metres and 20.3 cm respectively. This makes it the largest tusk that has ever been found in the country. According to Professor Akhtar, the discovered tusk was a part of the Pleistocene period. The discovery of its age was made through the deployment of the uranium-lead radioactive dating technique.
This discovery would add greatly to the field of zoology. It would enable the scientist from all over the world to know more about the journey of the mammal in the Asian region. Further, it will also add to the knowledge regarding the environmental characteristics that existed 1.1 million years ago.
View of WorldWide Professionals
It is quite rare and very commendable for the scientists to discover a complete tusk. These are generally found in pieces, which disturbs the research process. This fact has also been asserted by Dr Gerrit Van Den Bergh, who is a paleontologist at the University of Wollongong – Australia. Dr Gerrit, however, indicated that the age of the tusk shall be verified more rigorously.
Human Beings and the Extinction of Stegodons
Stegodonts originated from the region of Australia but spread rapidly in Asia. This region was their primary habitat, as most of the discoveries regarding these mammals have been made in this region. The extinction of these mammals coincided with the evolution of the modern day human beings. The researchers, however, do not have enough evidence to establish that men hunted these mammals.